The shady, dim lit room already injected with a sense of mystery became complete with the arrival of the enigmatic, energy filled, mystical and perplexing Ultra Leader, he moved his hand to and fro in a very Italian way and looked the interviewer straight into his eyes ,

What does it mean to be an Ultra?” asked the interviewer.

If you are an Ultra, it means that you are sorted, who is tough, someone who dosent mess around, it means you are afraid of nothing and no one, and when i say nothing, i mean NOTHING! We dont give a shit about anyone, ok?

The imposing Italian kisses the badge on his jersey, of his beloved club.

A newbie football fan would not be familiar with this term and a knowledgeable one will compare them to hooligan firms, Ultras. What are Ultras? Derived from the Latin word ultra, meaning beyond, with the implication that their love for the club is beyond the normal fan, and goes deep into the extreme zone. Ultras are responsible for most of the choreography in the stadiums, they have a behavioral tendency of using flares and provide vocal support in large contingents, all of which are done to encourage the home team and intimidate the away team. The four core points of ‘Ultra mentality’ are:

1. Never stop singing during the match, no matter what the result
2. Never sit down during a match
3. Attend as many games as possible
4. Loyalty to the stand in which the group is located (also termed Curva or Kop)

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These points clearly reflect on their ‘way of life’ and it is safe to say that Ultras live for football. However, there is a very fine line between the ultra culture and the hooligan firms. Although Ultra groups can become violent, the vast majority of matches go on without noticeable events excluding the derbies. Unlike hooligan firms, whose main aim is to fight rival firms of other clubs, ultras are hardcore supporters of their club. Hooligan firms usually don’t wear their club colors to avoid detection whereas the Ultras travel in large masses of great numbers and proudly display their allegiances (click this link to see the examples of consequances for their team). Its is very valid to say that ULTRAS is a way of life, a way to define oneself, a way to conduct oneself, and what better place to start exploring the ‘ultra culture’ than Italy, where it is clearly evident, week in and week out.

Italy is a beautiful country, with passion, culture and history, but when it comes to the beautiful game there is a fine line between passion and violence. In the stadiums the Ultras rule and are the modern day gladiators with the Colosseum ever changing. We take a look at some of the most notorious ultras in Italian Football :-

Irriducibili (Lazio)

A massive Irriducibli banner

A massive Irriducibli banner

Formed in 1987, and more than 6,000 strong, the Irriducibili, meaning the unbreakable, are one of the most feared Ultras in all of Europe. As most of the Italian stadiums are divided into two ‘curvas’, the nord and sud, the irriducibili stand in the curva nord of the Stadio Olimpico, also shared by their arc-rivals AS ROMA. Irriducibili have a right wing reputation and fascist symbols are frequently displayed in the terraces proudly. In 2005, Paolo Di Canio, a former Lazio Ultra who became a part of the team, was pictured doing a fascist salute to the Lazio faithfuls, despite this image shocking the football world, Di Canio became ‘the idol’ for the fans.

The Irriducibili are the most famous ultras in Italy because they are the most controversial, and its just not because of their right wing image. The infamous 2001-02 season title decider that saw many Ultras supporting the away side Inter, who would eventually win the scudetto instead of hated rivals Juventus, in a match against Lazio, which the home side won 4-2. This saw the right wing group in an bizarre turn of events calling for the then manager Alberto Zacherroni to be sacked.

There is no better example of the power these Ultras can hold than the Irriducibili. Certain top leaders of the ultras, planned to overthrow the Lazio President after he cancelled more than 1000 season tickets and money for choreography which the club had paid for earlier.

The arrests of these Leaders were a major talking point and many plain Lazio fans came out and asked for their release through talk-shows and radio. What is more appalling is that the ai???Irriducibiliai??? have become a brand in Italy just like Luis Vitton and Armani after successfully venturing and making out apparels which have irriducibili on them, moreover what is even more surprising is that these apparels are more popular than the ones that say LAZIO on them.

The Irriducibili in their 25 year history, ever since they replaced the Eagle supporters, have revolutionized the way Lazio fans support their side and with it they have left a mark of unpredictability – from protesting to sack the manager after winning the game to nearly freezing the club’s money by overthrowing the president.

Curva Nord (Atalanta)

The Bandieru

The Bandieru

Atlanta Football Club is situated in Bergamo, miles away from one of Italy’s biggest cities Turin, which is home to one of Italy’s biggest clubs Juventus. Not a world famous club like their distant neighbors and often struggling in the mid table of Serie A, the Atlanta Ultras have developed their share of hatred among other top clubs. The Curva Nord named after the curva in which the home fans are seated, have glorified their status as under dogs, building a close bond between the club and their community. The Curva are very much anchored in their own Bergamo community and have established hangout spots like ai???Il covoai???, moreover there are also various events held, like the ai???La festa Della Deaai???, regularly.

Their leader goes by the nickname of Il Bocia, a well known face in the world of ultras who got a five-year ban in 2009 for improper conduct in the stadium. In an interview given to the Bergamo Tv Channel, Bocia clearly stated that the Curva Nord, is not scared of big clubs like Roma, Fiorentina and Juventus, but as underdogs they will always go after these big clubs, even if their Ultras do not come after them. After a long pause on the network, Bocia’s heavy hate filled voice saying ai???We Hate them Allai??? echoed in the ears of thousand of Italians.

Surprisingly, the Curva Nord have a left wing image and what they do is bring the city of Bergamo together, they make it their aim to preserve this culture and the values of sport. The display of a very large black and blue flag called ai???bandieruai???, which covers the whole of the Curva, reflects that same culture and passion they hold so dear.

The Ultras see themselves as the protectors and an extended arm of the city of Bergamo. The Curva Ai??Nord are not known for their violent image, though there are various instances, but are regarded as one of the most vocal and most intimidating Ultra groups in Italy.

Brigate Gialloblu (Hellas Verona)

The infamous Brigate Gialloblu

The infamous Brigate Gialloblu

Formed in 1971, the Brigate Gialloblu or the Yellow and blue brigade are one of the most violent and notorious Ultras in the Italian peninsula, even after their dissolution in 1991, they remain despised to this day.

The Brigate, differentiated themselves form the then existing Ultras and would stop at nothing to create an intimidating playing atmosphere with racism being their main weapon.

In 1980, a banana was thrown by the Ultras, usually occupying the Sud Curva, on the field to intimidate Cagliari’s Julio Uribe, one of the first black players to face racism. Later in 1986, after being provoked by some Bresciani, around 5,000 Verona Ultras descended upon them, hellbent on creating havoc, annihilating the station, damaging cars and leaving a trail of complete destruction in their wake. Then president of club, Ferdinando Chiampan, labelled this as criminal and threatened to pull the club out of the Serie A, following which the police arrested 12 people. The Brigate in their next match against Roma, taunted and insulted the police and management by displaying a large banner reading ai???Not 12, but 5,000 guiltyai???.

In 1991, following a clash with Milan Ultras, various leaders of the infamous group unanimously decided to disband after some judges threatened to put the group on trial for being a criminal organization.

In their 20 years of history, the Brigate Gialloblu has been one of the most feared Ultras in Italy, with violence and racism being there primary weapons. The Verona based group still sends chills down the spine, and some of the Veronese fan groups still take pride in being associated with the Brigate.

Falange d’Assalto Rossazzurra (Catania)

A classic Catania banner

A classic Catania banner

Catania’s, another low tier club, Ultras have haunted Italian footballing history ever since they were established in 1946. Going proudly by the translated name of Red and Blue assault phalanx, the Ultras express the frustration mostly by a series of homemade bombs, flares, firecrackers, pipes, rocks and even stones hailed at their opponents.

The famous scooter, pushed through the stands, is just one of these examples of the trigger happy Ultras. Moreso are the events in 2007 which brought out the sad ultra culture. The clashes occurred during and after a Serie A game involving Catania and Palermo, also know as the Sicilian derby. After the Palermo Ultras entered the game late into the second half with Palermo leading 1-0 due to organizational problems, throwing of smoke bombs, pipes and flares started. The police used tear gas to neutralize the revolting groups, what started after that was even more horrendous as Catania Ultras began attacking the Police officers and officer Raciti died due to a homemade explosive device detonating. Still the Catania faithful have never stopped creating chaos and havoc in matches, both and away. They are one of the most violent ‘gangs’ in whole of Italy.Ai??Catania Calcio just exemplifies on how dangerous this passion can turn out to be even leading to loss of a life.

Passion, runs deep in the Italian veins, they see fighting as a product of passion and are willing to sacrifice themselves for the club colors, moreover they have the tendency to show the visiting Ultras their proper place by hauling thing, smoke-bombing and even shooting at their transports.
Italian Ultras believe that they represent the true heart of Italian Football and that they preserve something special during the game, where they put on a show for the world to see.

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