VfL Wolfsburg is a classic case of a club that achieved a lot in a small span of time. That they could not maintain their lofty status for long should be a cautionary tale for clubs wanting to follow a similar route to success.

vflwolfsburgAs Wolfsburg slumped to their fifth defeat of this season against lowly Eintracht Braunschweig at home, it was hard not to feel sorry for a team that were Bundesliga champions not so long ago. Their fall from grace has been dramatic and swift, with finishes of 8th, 12th, 8th and 11th since their first and only domestic league triumph in 2008-09. Reasons for their downfall can be attributed in large part to their sudden rise under former manager Felix Magath.

So how did this motor city, which is the home of The Volkswagen Group, begin their ascent and subsequently fall from grace?

The Felix Magath Years

Prior to the first reign of Felix Magath, Wolfsburg were the quintessential mid-table side, but when they finished just a place above the relegation spots for two consecutive seasons in 2005-06 and 2006-07 the board decided to take drastic action. They appointed Magath, who was sacked by Bayern Munich following a below par season despite doing the ai???double-doubleai??i?? (the domestic championship and domestic cup) in the previous two years. They also gave the former German international powers which were unheard of in the domestic game at the time. Magath was appointed as both the trainer and the director of football in line with the vision that the manager should be the central figure of power at a club.

Felix Magath, former coach of VfL Wolfsburg

Felix Magath

Felix Magath is a manager from the old school, and he once very famously said that he learnt nothing from Arsene Wenger during an internship he underwent at Arsenal. But what he did do very successfully was build a team that had an incredible amount of zeal and would run themselves to the ground. There is a famous story of how he made his players run for almost three kilometres uphill for a promised snack of cake and coffee. There is also the legend of ai???Mount Magathai??i?? ai??i?? an artificial hill in Wolfsburgai??i??s training ground. All of this reflects the personality of a man who believes that toughening up players is the first step towards building a successful side.

In his first season in charge, “Qualix”, a mash of Magathai??i??s first name and the German verb qualen (to torture), led Wolfsburg to a fifth place finish. The Wolves had an amazing run after the winter break winning 10 out of the 17 games, beating the likes of Werder Bremen, Borussia Dortmund, Schalke and Stuttgart on the way. Magath also employed a very effective scouting system which helped to bring the likes of Edin Dzeko, Grafite, Diego Benaglio, Josue, et al. to the Volkswagen Arena. During his tenure Wolfsburg had the highest net spending out of all the German clubs, but Magath taught the entire Bundesliga how to spend money wisely.

But it was in the 2008-09 season that Die Wolfe really caught the eye. They averaged more than 3 goals per game at home and deployed a non-stop, high intensity, all-out attacking kind of game which suggested that the players were a group of lean, highly conditioned athletes at the peak of physical fitness. Wolfsburg not only beat but dismantled their opposition winning almost a third of their games by a three goal margin. Wolfsburg won 14 out of a possible 17 games during the title run, and humbled both Bayern Munich and Werder Bremen 5-1 in the process. Key to this success was the striking partnership of the Bosnian Edin Dzeko and the Brazilian Grafite. They scored a record 54 goals between them that season beating the long standing record of Gerd Muller and Uli Hoeness.

Despite the title triumph, Magath signed a contract with Schalke for the 2009-10 season which led most people to believe that with his departure the squad would break up and Wolfsburg would return to mid-table obscurity. How right were they proven.

The Pre-Steve McClaren Years

The squad did not change much following Magathai??i??s departure and Armin Veh, his full time successor, also brought in Obafemi Martins, Karim Ziani and Thomas Kahlenberg. But Die Wolfe were not the force of old as they lost their balance on the field which suggested Vehai??i??s tactics were not working. Wolfsburg were still scoring a lot of goals but they also started conceding a lot of goals. The 4-4-2 with the diamond in the middle, which had functioned so effectively for Magath, was in disarray. The team were fantastic with the ball but woefully inept at winning it back.

Wolfsburg had too many options up front and too few at the back. Grafite, Dzeko and Martins were not used to rotation and as a result there was frequent bickering. Veh could not decide which two to play and whom to drop. Defensively there was no cover for the likes of the excellent Sascha Reither. If Wolfsburg had had more numbers at the back then Reither could have been moved into midfield to add some much needed steel there.

Following a string of disappointing results Veh was sacked and Lorenz-Gunther Kostner was appointed as the interim manager for the remainder of the season. But the Volkswagen Group would not let their beloved Wolfsburg being led by an interim manager for long and quickly appointed a person in the summer of 2010 who had just won the Duth Eredivisie with FC Twente.

The Steve McClaren years

Steve_McClaren_(c)_en(dot)wikipedia(dot)orgBy 2010, most teams had figured out how to contain Wolfsburg. The trick was in controlling the front three of Grafite, Dzeko and Misimovic. The directors at Wolfsburg were therefore looking for a trainer who would alter their style of play and return the team to winning ways at the same time. Enter Steve McClaren. The Englishman followed a 4-2-3-1 approach at Twente with two hard pressing central midfielders and an anchorman who would look to plug all the gaps in the middle of the park. McClaren, who had been heavily influenced by Sir Alex Ferguson, also adopted a method in which the wingers were the chief creators. They would be players who could both cut inside and have a pop at goal or go outside the full backs and deliver the crosses for the target man.

McClaren also preferred ball playing centre backs and for this the highly rated Simon Kjaer was brought from Palermo and Arne Friedrich was acquired after an impressive World Cup in South Africa. Mario Mandzukic was brought in to play as an auxiliary striker but primarily as a right winger. Cicero was also added to the squad to provide flexibility in the middle of the park. And most importantly Diego was acquired to give the team a breath of fresh air and the ability to unlock any defence.

Initially McClaren tried to woo the German press by having open training sessions and by giving the media humorous quips which they could mention in the newspapers. However Wolfsburg started the season horribly losing six out of their first 11 matches. Edin Dzeko also had a falling out with McClaren and departed for Manchester City. The fans also turned against the former Middlesbrough FC manager, frequently mocking him with the message Wir-lassen Euch nicht im Regen stehen, ihr uns (We cannot stand in the rain, you tell us). The team was playing drab football and at one point went on a run of 7 consecutive draws which led many to observe that McClaren had destroyed the free-flowing attacking identity of Wolfsburg. The Englishman was finally sacked following a narrow defeat to Hannover and the club appointed another interim manager in Pierre Littbarski.

The Return of Felix Magath

The club however quickly moved for Felix Magath who had just been sacked by Schalke and his return coincided with a brief resurgence for Die Wolfe. They managed to stave off relegation by winning three out of their last four games including a narrow 1-0 success at Werder Bremen.

Magath then quickly set about revamping the Wolfsburg roster by selling Grafite, Cicero, Reither and Ziani, and getting on board veteran Patrick Ochs and the highly talented and versatile Bosnian Hasan Salihamidzic. The fans were highly excited and believed that with a mastermind such as Magath on board Wolfsburg would quickly return to the upper echelons of the Bundesliga.

But Magath brought in a philosophy which would pay dividends in the short term but over a longer period of time it would lead to a sense of disillusionment. He maintained a certain distance from the players and used fear to discipline them. While a manager such as Sir Alex moved with the times and mellowed a little bit, Magath was still the same due to which his relationship with the players became very fraught.

The players saw how he operated and stopped responding to his methods. To counteract this Magath sanctioned the purchase of more players ai??i?? players who would be hungry, and who could be moulded into his approach towards football. However, all this manic buying led to a situation where Wolfsburg had 48 players on their books at the end of the 2011-12 season.

Despite finishing 11th, the club stood by Magath and allowed him to continue the following year. The results though continued to go against Magath and following four consecutive defeats the board decided to sack the German. The players had revolted against him and the board decided to stem the rot by ending the autocratic rule ofAi??Qualix.

The Clean-up Operation

Lorenz-Gunther Kostner was appointed as the interim manager again and he quickly started mending relationships. The first thing he did was to build his team around Diego who was assured that he would be the main man following his tumultuous relationship with Magath. Ivica Olic was brought in and deployed on the left side of midfield where he balanced out the freedom afforded to Diego. Kostner allowed the spotlight to be shifted from the trainer, which was not the case during the Magath reign, to the players.

Dieter_Hecking_(c)_en(dot)wikipedia(dot)org

Dieter Hecking

Wolfsburg also moved to the more traditional way of running a football club in Germany by appointing a sporting director in the form of Klaus Allofs. All in all Kostner trained the side for 9 games winning four, drawing two and losing the other three games. Despite the consistency that was apparent, Die Wolfe appointed a full time trainer at the start of this year in Dieter Hecking.

The chemistry that Hecking formed with Allofs allowed both of them to hit the ground running. Hecking managed to steer Wolfsburg to the 8th place last season on the back of an impressive run of form in the spring during which his side collected 24 points from 17 games.

What does the future hold for VfL Wolfsburg?

Despite the optimism of last season Wolfsburg have begun this season woefully with five defeats in the opening eight games. It will be interesting to see how long the board will stick with Hecking. Die Wolfe do tend to improve in the second half of the season, but for a club bankrolled by the massive Volkswagen Group mid-table finishes are not acceptable. Maybe after the fiery stints of Magath what is needed is a manager who can bring some calm to proceedings. Is there a trainer out there who fits the bill? Does it make sense to stick with Hecking? As this season unfolds these questions will be answered, but as far as the fans of Wolfsburg are concerned they will be treated to a roller coaster of a ride. What else can you expect from a club based in a city which is known for manufacturing motor cars?

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